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Paper Industries are widely using dyes form last so many decades.
Seeing the growth in the paper industry it can be safely assumed that Dyes
for paper industry has a very promising future. Given below is a
comprehensive list of the various grades of paper that are open to dyeing:
- Writing and printing paper
- Tissue - Facial, toilet, towel, napkin
- Copier papers
- Boards/Cover papers
- Decorative laminated paper
- Packaging grades - corrugated case stuff
- Envelope grades
- Specialty papers like, label, laundry tag, posters
The dyes that are used includes sulphur dyes and cationic direct dyes.
Other than these two popular options acid dyes and basic dyes are also used.
Sulphur dyes are reduced alkaline solutions. For example to get the colour
black, a polymer is obtained by the result of a reaction between. 2, 4
dinitrophenol and sodium polysulphide. The polymer structure is shown below:
Coming to the Cationic Direct Dye, some features which makes them suitable
towards use in paper are:
- A planar molecular structure
- An extended conjugation
- An excess of positive charge over the negatively charged surface
A typical structure of a cationic direct dye is given here:
Criteria for selection of the Dye
- Optimum depth
- Clear backwaters
- Good affinity
- Right shade
- Show light fastness
- Show bleed fastness
- Provides stability to temperature and humidity
- Low or no metamerism
- Does not affect any other paper chemical/process or parameters
- Compliant with regulations in force
- Safety in Handling
New Trends appearing in paper dyeing
- Trend towards new coloration techniques fueled by pressures of a
clearer backwater, pressures from environmental watch dogs and cost of
- Sophisticated high speed machines are driving the trend of reduction
in the use of traditional basic dyes and increasingly giving way to
specialty modified Basic and Direct Dyes.
- A definite shift to continuous dyeing/size press dyeing.
- Newer opportunities propelling new applications like Carbon less
- Turn to Eco-friendly dyes
- Dyes that are free of harmful amines.
- Dyes that are free of Heavy Metals.
- Certification from ETAD (Ecological and Toxicological Association
- Dyes that are Biodegradable.